HH-1K (UH-1) Iroquois
An icon of the Vietnam era, the UH-1 Iroquois, more commonly known as the "Huey," was an indispensible workhorse for U.S. military forces. Used for heliborne assaults, medical evacuation, search and rescue and light attack, the Huey was a capable platform for a variety of missions. The most famous Navy Huey squadron, the "Seawolves" of Helicopter Attack Squadron Light (HA(L)) 3, used the Huey to support river patrols in the Mekong. The Museum's HH-1K is painted as a HA(L)-3 helo.
Possibly the most enduring symbol of the Vietnam War, from landing combat troops into a jungle clearing or pulling people from the rooftop of the U.S. Embassy during the evacuation of Saigon, the UH-1 Iroquois (more commonly known as the "Huey") began its naval service with delivery to the Marine Corps in 1964. Armed with machine guns and rockets and capable of airlifting fourteen troops in its box-like fuselage, the UH-1 proved an ideal platform for the heliborne assaults that came of age in Vietnam. In addition, in 1967 the aircraft was chosen to outfit Helicopter Attack Squadron Light (HA(L)) 3, the first squadron of its type in Naval Aviation history.
Nicknamed the "Seawolves," HA(L)-3 served in concert with Navy patrol boats interdicting the enemy in the waters of the Mekong Delta. Their "Hueys" were heavily armed with machine guns, rockets, mini guns, and occasionally a 40mm grenade launcher. During a one year period alone, the squadron flew 34,746 hours, expending 17.5 million rounds of 7.62mm/.50-caliber machine gun ammunition, 96,700 rockets, and 32,300 grenades. The small size of the "Huey" also made it ideal for landing in constricted areas or hovering overhead for expeditious evacuation of combat casualties, with Army, Navy and Marine Corps aircraft evacuating 378,000 casualties between 1965 and 1969. The Iroquois also served in more peaceful roles supporting the exploration of the Antarctic and training Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard helicopter pilots. Versions of the aircraft introduced included HH-1Ks for rescue service, TH-1Ls for training, and UH-1Ls for utility.
The Museum's HH-1K, (Bureau Number 157188) flew primarily with HA(L)-5, a Naval Air Reserve squadron supporting SEAL operations, before its retirement in 1989. Though HA(L)-3 never flew the HH-1K in Vietnam, the display helicopter was painted and outfitted with a weapons load to commemorate a Seawolves aircraft.
|Manufacturer:||Bell Helicopter Company|
|Type:||Search and rescue/utility/light attack|
|Crew:||Two pilots and two gunners|
|Powerplant:||One 1,250 horsepower Pratt & Whitney T400-CP-400 Twin Pac coupled turboshaft engine|
|Dimensions:|| Length: 53 ft.|
Height: 12 ft., 7.25 in.
Rotor Diameter: 44 ft.
|Weight:|| Empty: 6,000 lb.|
Gross: 9,500 lb.
|Performance:|| Max Speed: 144 mph at sea level|
Ceiling: 10,200 ft.
Range: 317 miles
|Armament:||7.62mm machine guns and rocket pods|